CRP 3.7 News

Capacity development: facilitating the leap from individual learning to sustainable livelihood outcomes

Capacity development supported by CGIAR can help agriculturalists in developing countries discover and develop their own expertise and confidence. But it is through capacity development interventions in, and by, whole communities and (local) organizations in these countries that most potently translate actions into meaningful reductions in poverty, food insecurity and environmental degradation.

The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish is leading a major initiative to consolidate research and development efforts for a pro-poor transformation of smallholder value chains. The idea is to help smallholders intensify and commercialize their agriculture. This multi-centre research program, which focuses on promising livestock and fish value chains in Latin America, Asia and Africa, will make its scientific research relevant by fostering the leap from individual learning to sustainable livelihood outcomes and impacts through an integrated capacity development approach paying particular attention to gender issues and women’s empowerment.

Read the full post on the CGIAR Development Dialogues blog

Filed under: Capacity Development, CapDev, CGIAR, CRP37, ILRI, Value Chains

Knowledge clearinghouse gives research methods and best practices on value chain performance

Source: Value Chains Knowledge Clearinghouse

Value chain development and assessment is at the heart of the livestock and fish research program. In the past three years, a useful collaboration has been created with the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM) to develop, test and refine various tools a and approaches to our value chain work.

The CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets has launched a Value Chains Knowledge Clearinghouse to provide a comprehensive and accessible repository of research methods and best practices surrounding value chain performance that can be used by all CGIAR research programs and partners.

The Clearinghouse also will help practitioners and specialists:

  • Identify key constraints and opportunities in value chains;
  • Evaluate opportunities for upgrading value chains;
  • Optimize and prioritize investment in institutional arrangements and value chain infrastructure;
  • Improve equity and reduce poverty in developing countries through improved market access, technical innovation, information, and improved efficiency to reduce marketing margins and increase farm gate prices;
  • Expand labor opportunities for women and the landless and boost the incomes of rural households;
  • Promote risk-coping mechanisms for farmers; and
  • Increase the quality of farmers’ products, thereby improving food security.

Visit the clearinghouse

More information on the livestock and fish value chain assessment toolkit and work done in different focus countries

Updates on livestock and fish value chain development

Filed under: CGIAR, CRP2, CRP37, Value Chains

Opportunities in the global fish food system

Fish is one of the most important sources of animal protein. It represents a low cost source of high quality protein, fatty acids and micronutrients that are essential for brain development in young children and part of a healthy diet.

As the global population increases to 9 billion by 2050, the global demand for fish will also increase. The global fish food system will face considerable challenges including over-fishing, climate change and environmental problems such as pollution and ocean acidification as the need to provide more fish grows.

Read the full post on the CGIAR Development Dialogues blog

Filed under: Aquaculture, CGIAR, CRP13, CRP37, Fish, Value Chains, WorldFish

Research shows more people are drinking milk in Tanzania

ILRI scientists and partners in Tanzania speak out in today’s Tanzania Daily Times explaining that annual per capita milk consumption [in Tanzania] has increased by about 39 per cent from 28 litres to 39 litres.

“Available country statistics show that improved cattle are only 3 per cent of the total 19 million but they are growing at 6 per cent. However, milk supply stands are around 1.6 billion litres per year and one of the reasons why the milk drinking culture is returning,” he said.

Read the full article that reports on the work of the “More Milk in Tanzania” project. It is funded by Irish Aid and contributes to the program’s dairy value chain development in the country.

More program news from Tanzania

Filed under: Africa, Cattle, CRP37, Dairying, ILRI, LGI, Southern Africa, Tanzania, Value Chains

Livestock and Fish program consultant assignment: Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (closing date 28 August 2014)

ILRI Communications:

The program seeks to recruit a consultant to conduct a comprehensive and analytical literature review of the understanding, production, measurement and monitoring of International Public Goods (IPGs) with its activities.

Full application details

Originally posted on ILRI jobs:

The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) seeks to hire a consultant to conduct a comprehensive and analytical literature review of the understanding, production, measurement and monitoring of International Public Goods (IPGs) in a wide range of research and development undertakings.

ILRI works with partners worldwide to enhance the roles that livestock play in food security and poverty alleviation, principally in Africa and Asia. The outcomes of these research partnerships help people in developing countries keep their farm animals’ alive and productive, increase and sustain their livestock and farm productivity, find profitable markets for their animal products, and reduce the risk of livestock-related diseases.

ILRI is a not-for-profit institution with a staff of about 700 and in 2014, an operating budget of about USD83 million. A member of the CGIAR Consortium working for a food-secure future, ILRI has its headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya, a principal campus in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia…

View original 549 more words

Filed under: CRP37, Impact Assessment

Integrating improved feeding practices to enhance reproductive and Fattening performance in community-based sheep breeding programs in Ethiopia

Participants of the CBBP workshop

Participants of the Workshop, ILRI Campus, Addis Ababa, July, 23-24, 2014

An in-depth analysis of the Ethiopian Small Ruminant Value Chain identified “feeding” as one of the key intervention areas to mitigate under-performance of sheep and goat production and productivity in the country.

The International center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) recently invited livestock breeders, livestock nutritionists and socio-economists from partner research centers to a consultative workshop to discuss ways to modify existing feeding strategies in sheep flocks in the context of the ongoing Community-Based Sheep Breeding Program in Ethiopia.

The 2–day workshop identified scenarios on sheep fattening and ewe feeding that would inform interventions to improve lamb fattening performance and ewe reproductive performance.

Participants discuss on the CBBP workshop

The next step for the participants is to undertake on-farm fattening scenarios with sheep farmers in CBBP that will assess the economic viability of fattening lambs for peak festive seasons vis a vis fattening for the off-peak low season markets as well as ewe supplementation. Appropriate site specific feeding strategies and market linkages will be incorporated and facilitated in the interventions.

More news from Ethiopia

Story by Jane Wamatu (ICARDA-Ethiopia)

Filed under: Animal Breeding, CBPP, CRP37, East Africa, Ethiopia, Event, Feeds, Goats, ICARDA, Sheep, Small Ruminants, Value Chains

Living from milk: Dairy innovation platform experiences from Tanzania

Multi-stakeholder innovation platforms are one of the most important mechanisms employed in the Livestock and Fish program to build alliances and engagement with different research and development partners. They are also important as potential ways to build momentum to test and apply promising technologies and interventions at scale.

In recent years the Program in Tanzania – focused on dairy development – has been linking up with different local and national stakeholders. One of the most promising partnerships has been with the Tanga Dairy Platform.

To learn from the platform’s experiences, the International Livestock Research Institute recently produced three photo films telling stories from platform stakeholders.

The 5-minute film below tells the story of the platform and how it is helping dairy farmers improve their milk production and sales:

Watch 2 related films:

View more videos on innovation systems and platforms

Read a series of innovation platform practice briefs


Filed under: Africa, CRP37, Dairying, East Africa, Film and Video, ILRI, Innovation Systems, Southern Africa, Tanzania, Value Chains

Update on Ethiopia small ruminant value chain development program

On 13 and 14 June, partners in the Ethiopia sheep and goats value chain development projects met to develop a strategy and implementation plan for the coming years.

Barbara Rischkowsky, ICARDA value chain leader gave an update of progress so far in the value chain development program:


See also a presentation by Annet Mulema on gender in the Ethiopia small ruminant value chain

More information on Livestock and Fish program events and workshops

Filed under: Africa, CRP37, East Africa, Ethiopia, Goats, ICARDA, Sheep, Small Ruminants, Value Chains

Is aquaculture pro-poor? Some answers from Bangladesh

Woman showing fish caught from her pond in Khulna, Bangladesh (image: WorldFish)

The Livestock and Fish research program works on meat, milk and fish by and for the poor. One of its target countries is Bangladesh where program partner WorldFish leads work contributing to the CGIAR Research Programs on Aquatic Agricultural Systems and Livestock and Fish.

A new article by Kazi Ali Toufique from the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies and Ben Belton, a WorldFish scientist, provides proof of the long suspected link between aquaculture and poverty reduction.

By analyzing changes in fish consumption in Bangladesh between 2000 and 2010, the report proves conclusively that growth in aquaculture has led to greater fish consumption among the poorest consumers in Bangladesh.

While it had previously been considered that the benefits of the growth in aquaculture were derived mainly from increased employment, the study demonstrates a stronger link to the health benefits of eating more fish.

Read a WorldFish news announcement

Download the full article in World Development

Read a blogpost by WorldFish director general Stephen Hall

Filed under: Aquaculture, Asia, Bangladesh, CGIAR, CRP13, CRP37, Fish, South Asia, Value Chains, WorldFish

Egypt aquaculture value chain development: Past trends, current status and likely future directions

As part of the initial value chain development process supported by the Livestock and Fish research program, each of the target value chains carried out a ‘situation analysis’ to assess the conditions within which the target value chains in the selected country operates. It aims to set broader national contexts for rapid and in-depth value chain assessments and analysis at sites or small geographical scales through the subsequent research activities.

The situation analysis report for Egypt provides a situational analysis of the aquaculture value chain conducted in 2013/2014. It deals with the conditions within which the farmed fish value chain operates in Egypt and the general trends that exist in the environment.

Download the report

See other situation analysis reports


Filed under: Africa, Aquaculture, CRP37, Egypt, Fish, Livestock-Fish, North Africa, Value Chains, WorldFish

Burkina Faso strategic implementation planning workshop collects stakeholder inputs

Small ruminants are a key source of food and nutritional security to the people of Burkina Faso. They are also an important source of economic growth in a country that faces a growing gap between demand and supply of goat and sheep meat. These and other promising opportunities to reinforce smallholder farming in Burkina Faso motivated the decision by the Livestock and Fish CGIAR Research Program to select the country as a focus for its research on small ruminants.

Discussion on research priorities in Burkina Faso was initiated at a stakeholder workshop in December 2013. A draft business case was presented that provided the rationale for work on this value chain.

Program activities have yet to take off in the ‘pays des hommes intègres’ but justice was done to recent work as the program now has a fleshed out set of activities for the next three to nine years – thanks to the Strategic Implementation plan (SIP) workshop.

Participants of the Burkina Faso small ruminants value chain strategy and implementation planning workshop, 14-15 July 2014On 14-15 July 2014, several Burkina Faso partners who had attended the December stakeholder consultation and a number of scientists from the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) hammered out the programmatic and operational elements of a strategy and implementation plan for the coming years.

This workshop, which follows similar workshops in Ethiopia and Tanzania, helped everyone review what the program is all about and what preliminary activities have taken place in Burkina Faso, such as tentative site selection, initial scoping studies, etc.

The first morning, participants share their insights and recommendations on:

  • Soft criteria for the selection of action sites – a particularly interesting discussion which emphasized the importance of collection markets, the presence of partners, the development potential and availability of inputs for that potential to become a reality;
  • The vision of the small ruminants value chain by 2023 and a set of objectives that would enthuse local organizations to work together towards that agenda;
  • Some idea of the development and research outcomes that a program like Livestock and Fish should seek;
  • and an idea of the strategic partners who should absolutely be involved in such an initiative.

From the afternoon of the first day until the end of the second day, ILRI scientists further developed and integrated the stakeholder inputs into the template of the Strategy and Implementation Plan (or ‘SIP’) which will guide program activities in the value chain for the next nine years.

In a country where small ruminants play a strategic role in local consumption patterns, the Livestock and Fish Program hopes to make a significant dent into transforming the value chain and providing more animal source food for the poor, and hopefully by or with them at the same time.

Read notes and presentations from the meeting

Read the report from the December 2013 stakeholder workshop: Rapport de l’atelier sur le Programme de Développement des Chaines de Valeur des Petits Ruminants au Burkina Faso, 16 et 17 Décembre 2013 à Ouagadougou

Article by Ewen Le Borgne and Evelyn Katingi

Filed under: Burkina Faso, CRP37, Goats, Sheep, Small Ruminants, Value Chains, West Africa

Bangladesh aquaculture value chain development: Trends, status and likely future directions

As part of the initial value chain development process supported by the Livestock and Fish research program, each of the target value chains carried out a ‘situation analysis’ to assess the conditions within which the target value chains in the selected country operates. It aims to set broader national contexts for rapid and in-depth value chain assessments and analysis at sites or small geographical scales through the subsequent research activities.

Fresh water prawn in BangladeshThe Bangladesh situational analysis that provides an assessment of past trends, current status, and likely future directions for the aquaculture value chain in Bangladesh has just been published.

The report is focused on: (i) the production and production systems of fish and shrimp; (ii) the consumption and expenditure of households; (iii) the value addition and marketing system; (iv) the export and import of fish; (v) inputs and services such as fish health, fish genetics, feeds, knowledge systems, access to credit, etc. (vi) food safety related to fish; (vii) the competitiveness of the fisheries sector; (viii) value chain governance; (ix) externalities; (x) aquaculture development strategies and activities; (xi) the research and development partnership; and (xii) a review of the opportunities for pro-poor fish value-chain development.

Past trends, current status, and likely future directions of the aquaculture value chain

There are approximately 795 native species of fish and shrimp in the freshwater and marine waters of Bangladesh and 12 exotic species that have been introduced.

The GIFT strain of tilapia (Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia) was developed through collaborative research initiated by WorldFish during the 1990s. GIFT was developed to enhance production traits of tilapia, a commercially important fish species. Presently, more than 95% of tilapia hatcheries and farms of Bangladesh are growing the GIFT strain, and farmers are reportedly satisfied with the strain, but there are concerns about whether the strain has been adequately maintained.

Household fish consumption and expenditure: Historically the Bangladeshi people have a strong preference for fish, which forms an important part of their customs and culture. Almost all households consumed fish at least once a week. Fish is the most important animal food source in Bangladesh, accounting for more than 60% of the total intake.

Gender issues: Pond aquaculture is an appropriate entry point for empowerment of women; it offers opportunities, particularly for middle-class household women’s movements outside the homestead, while for poor women, social restriction working outside has not been followed due to economic imperatives.

Production and feed: The most important cost factor in aquaculture is the cost of feed.

Fish health and disease control; Prevention against fish disease is becoming an increasingly important issue, and disease induced mortality is a serious issue for the fish seed industry. However, diseases are not a major constraint to improving fish production in Bangladesh at present; poor quality of fingerlings due to poor brood selection and inbreeding are a major issue. Cost-effective methods to accurately and quickly detect fish-borne diseases are now available to farmers.

Feed competition and impacts on ecosystem health; A comprehensive analysis released by WorldFish and Conservation International (CI) has investigated the environmental impact of the world’s major aquaculture production systems and species. It concludes that the demand for aquaculture products will continue to grow over the next two decades as a key source of animal protein for growing urban populations, and that the industry needs to meet this demand with improved efficiencies and reduced environmental impacts.

Download the report

See other situation analysis reports


Filed under: Aquaculture, Asia, Bangladesh, CRP37, Fish, South Asia, Value Chains, WorldFish

Update on “Maziwa Zaidi” — Tanzania dairy value chain development program

On 25 and 26 June, partners in the Tanzania dairy value chain development projects met to develop a strategy and implementation plan for the coming years.

Amos Omore, ILRI value chain leader gave an update of progress so far in the value chain development program:



See also a presentation by Annet Mulema on gender in the Ethiopia small ruminant value chain

More information on Livestock and Fish program events and workshops

Filed under: Africa, Cattle, CRP37, Dairying, East Africa, ILRI, Southern Africa, Tanzania, Value Chains

Uganda smallholder pig value chain actors form association

ILRI staff in discussions with farmers, Kamuli district, Uganda‘Pig farmers in Uganda have decided to form a mutually-aided association for better marketing of their products and as a forum for sharing ideas.

‘A steering committee chaired by former executive director of Uganda Investment Authority, Maggie Kigozi, was elected by farmers during a pig farmers’ training, which took place from July 11 to 12, to kick-start the eventual formation of the Uganda Pig Farmers Association (UPFA).

The training, second to be held this year after one held in February, was organized by the Pig Production and Marketing Uganda Ltd (PPM). Christopher Mulindwa, PPM production manager noted that Uganda was a long way from exporting pig products because current production cannot even satisfy the local market.

Marketing issues in the Ugandan smallholder pig value chains are some of the constraints identified by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) pig projects operating in Uganda. The Livestock and Fish team in Uganda supports the formation of the association which they have noted as one of the ways for improving pig production in Uganda. The Uganda team has been taking part in the trainings organized by PPM as resource persons and also conducting training sessions on various topics.

Working with partners such as PPM contributes to key elements of the Livestock and Fish approach of working along the entire value chain with producers, input providers, traders, processors and consumers. ILRI has been providing technical support and information to PPM, a private company in Uganda, that would make it more effective.

Danilo Pezo, coordinator of the Smallholder Pig Value Chains Development (SPVCD) project gave the opening remark for the two-day training, emphasizing on the constraints and opportunities in the pig sector found through ILRI’s work in Uganda and Kristina Roesel, coordinator of the Safe Food Fair Food project conducted a training session on pig zoonoses.

Read the whole article by Stephen Kafeero in the Daily Monitor: Pig farmers to form association, 30 Jul 2014.

Watch a video on the pig farmers training: Improving piggery: Pig farmers considering exportation of pork


Filed under: CRP37, East Africa, Pigs, Uganda, Value Chains

Moving forward on competitive beef and dairy in Nicaragua

The Central America team of the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish started out this year with the launch of the project ‘Competitive beef and dairy through sustainable intensification and specialized market access in Nicaragua‘, with the objective of improving the competitiveness and income of small and medium cattle farmers in Nicaragua through the implementation of good farm management practices and the creation and strengthening of sustainable beef and dairy value chains.

Livestock and Fish press conference to present the competitive beef and dairy through sustainable intensification and specialized market access project

Rein Van der Hoek being interviewed by journalists (photo credit: CIAT/Shadi Azadegan).

To begin the project’s implementation, a press conference was organized to introduce the project to local media and partners, as well as a project launch event in the municipality of Matiguás, the selected project implementation site located in the department of Matagalpa. Meetings and events were conducted with partners to synergize interventions and optimize joint resource use.

Local technicians were recruited to aid in the various steps involved in this process, undergoing a training period on various themes, emphasizing gender, with the objective of developing an inclusive approach to women and youth, while understanding the main gender-based constraints and roles present in farm families.

Through a joint effort between collaborating partners, a questionnaire was developed based on information provided by local implementation partner Nicacentro, a dairy farmer cooperative based in Matiguás. The themes covered in the questionnaire include carbon monitoring elements such as land use, silvopastoral interventions, and forest use. Additionally, an initial analysis of greenhouse gas emissions related to feed rations, and milk and meat value chains were included, and the questionnaire was adapted to include gender-disaggregated data.

Data collection was completed by the second week of July 2014, providing results based on which 60 farms will be identified for carbon and greenhouse gas-related monitoring. As part of the project’s research component, a methodology has been developed for monitoring and quantifying carbon accumulation for different land uses and greenhouse gas emissions, emphasizing methane and nitrous oxide.

Promoting the project’s capacity building component, the requirements for farmer capacity development have been analyzed, and farmers are being selected to participate in the 20 farmer field schools which are being established on norms for sustainable livestock production.

Through the strategic combination of research, capacity-building, and market incentive components, the project aims for the sustainable intensification and climate change adaptation of smallholder farms, while introducing a business opportunity in specialized markets through a certification process with internationally recognized standards, ultimately leading to the expected project impacts of poverty reduction, environmental sustainability, and capacity building within the target group.

Filed under: Cattle, Central America, CIAT, CRP37, Dairying, Livestock, Nicaragua

Gender flagship achievements in the Ethiopia small ruminants value chain

At the Ethiopia small ruminants value chain strategy and implementation planning workshop held on 13-14 June 2014 at the ILRI Addis Ababa campus, the gender flagship theme of the Livestock and Fish CGIAR Research Program reviewed the past year’s achievements and future plans.

The theme conducted three gender strategic studies. The first study, a cross country study on resource ownership carried out in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Nicaragua established that ownership is associated with resource acquisition, decision-making, benefiting from resource and responsibility.

The second study looked at gender analysis in the Ethiopia small ruminants value chain. In this study, they found out that there was low participation of women in supply and marketing nodes and consumption of animal source foods is influenced by socio-economic conditions. More details on the study has been published and can be accessed from the article: A review of Ethiopia small ruminant value chains from a gender perspective

The third study on the ‘Assessment of safe food fair food in Ethiopia small ruminant value chains from a gender perspective’ established that men and women understand some basic issues associated with food safety and nutritional aspects of animal source foods. Further investigation of the health risks associated with gender roles and consumption of animal source foods is recommended.

Gender flagship theme planned activities for the period 2014-2016 include:

  • Conducting a comprehensive evaluation of the community-based sheep breeding program from a gender perspective
  • Generating community profiles for the remaining sites including activity clocks, seasonal calendars, access to and control of resources, mobility assessment
  • Doing more of the integrated gender research in the already existing interventions e.g. fodder
  • Identifying gaps in existing knowledge and practices of smallholder farmers
  • Exploring perceptions of food safety and nutrition amongst men and women farmers and pastoralists and health risks associated with their gender roles

Through gender research, the Livestock and Fish program aims to positively affect the lives of poor women and men in the value chain. Expected benefits of gender research are, greater access to and control over new technologies, resources, leadership and market opportunities among poor women and men; improved household food and nutrition security outcomes and equality in their distribution; enhanced range and quality of choices for poor women and men in where and how to participate in the small ruminant value chain; and expanded capacity of value chain stakeholders to understand and integrate gender balanced approaches in their work.

View the presentation on Gender in the Ethiopian small ruminant value chain by Annet A. Mulema, ILRI gender social scientist :

Filed under: CRP37, East Africa, Ethiopia, Gender, ILRI, LGI, Small Ruminants, Women

Livestock and Fish external evaluation update 3 – CCEE field visit schedule

The Livestock and Fish CRP Commissioned External Evaluation (CCEE) team has finalized the dates for their field work in each of the targeted value chains. The finalized schedule has now been agreed upon by all stakeholders and available in the below table.

Location Time frame Activity Person in charge Kenya 11-15 Aug present and revise inception report; key informant interviews; meetings with evaluation support team Doyle Baker – lead evaluator Ethiopia 16-23 Aug start up meeting; review small ruminants value chain Doyle Baker, Ander Speedy – support evaluator Uganda 23-30 Aug review smallholder pigs value chain Doyle Baker, Ander Speedy Tanzania 31 Aug – 6 Sept review smallholder dairy value chain Doyle Baker, Ander Speedy Egypt 6-12 Sept review consumption and nutrition of the small medium-scale aquaculture value chain Doyle Baker, John Hambrey – support evaluator

You can learn more about the CGIAR Research Programs (CRP) CEE on the Livestock and Fish external evaluation page or follow my blog posts on the Livestock and Fish website.

Filed under: Impact Assessment

Livestock and Fish Program supports dairy value chain collaboration challenges in Kampala

On 8 May 2014 the Livestock and Fish CGIAR Research Program supported the Global Knowledge Initiative’s (GKI) dairy value chain collaboration colloquium in Kampala.

The Collaboration Colloquium brought together participants representing research, business, development organizations, and government to share knowledge, build skills, and explore opportunities for partnership. These activities were aimed at addressing challenges offered by seven individuals or “Challengers” working in the dairy value chain: Clayton Arinanye of the Uganda Crane Creameries Cooperative Union; Fred Kabi of Makerere University; James Lwerimba of World Wide Sires; Billy Butamanya of the Uganda Cooperative Alliance; Henry Njakoi of Heifer International; Tom Sillayo of Faida Market Link (Faida MaLi); and Mayasa Simba of the Tanzania Dairy Board.

The event featured four facilitated steps designed to reveal possible pathways to partnership: (1) identifying shared goals; (2) mapping key aspects of the challenge; (3) identifying resources for strategic action; and (4) testing and strengthening ideas.

Milking a cow in Tanzania

The Livestock and Fish Program sponsored three Tanzania dairy value chain partners who participated as challengers in the event:

  1. Mayasa Simba, acting registrar, Tanzania Dairy Board
  2. Henry Njakoi, country director, Heifer International, Tanzania
  3. Tom Sillayo, general manager, Faida Market Link (Faida MaLi)

Challenges like poor access to veterinary care, inadequate knowledge of breeding practices, and insufficient market access make it difficult for farmers, processors, and other stakeholders to capture the full benefits of dairy production in East Africa.

Overcoming these multi-faceted challenges requires integrated solutions that maximize the expertise and engagement of stakeholders all along the dairy value chain. The Global Knowledge Initiative (GKI) designed the Dairy Value Chain Collaboration Colloquium to spur the creation of such solutions.

The Tanzania dairy value chain partners were able to refine the challenges they are addressing in Tanzania dairy, increase the networks for solving common problems and access to seed money USD 20,000, a challenge prize organized by GKI, that would be available to crystallize action for concepts around the challenges that win.

More details are in the colloquium report:

Filed under: CRP37, Dairying, East Africa, Southern Africa, Tanzania, Value Chains

Livestock and Fish program and GIZ meet to explore partnership

Locating randomly selected householdsTo enable its research achieve more impact at scale, the Livestock and Fish CGIAR Research Program has put great effort in working together with global, regional and local partners. On 12 June 2014, Tom Randolph and Michael Peters, program director and program representative from CIAT respectively, met with  German International Cooperation Agency (GIZ) representatives to explore such partnership possibilities.

The meeting held at GIZ offices in Germany aimed to create some action partnerships between the program and the German agency. GIZ is an implementing organization and such a partnership would contribute to the program’s aim of translating research into use and achieving impact at scale. The CGIAR program on the other hand offers a great opportunity for GIZ to apply scientifically developed intervention packages to its work. The Livestock and Fish program aims to move beyond the ongoing case-by-case cooperation with GIZ and look for more strategic, long-term partnership potentials.

Presentations by Tom Randolph and Michel Bernhardt, Advisory Service on Agricultural Research for Development (GIZ-BEAF) structured the meeting discussion.

In his presentation, Randolph gave an overview of the program’s structure and outlined some of the reasons for partnering with GIZ:

  • To tap into broad expertise and long experience related to livestock and aquaculture value chain development;
  • Would allow the program to draw from GIZ successful strategies to validate and scale out in the program’s target value chains;
  • To use GIZ projects as a mechanism for scaling out Livestock and Fish program research products;
  • To create synergies with GIZ infrastructure and networks where geographical focus overlaps.

Michel Bernhardt, provided a review of GIZ and outlined potential areas of cooperation:

  • GIZ as “uptaker“ and implementer of CGIAR innovations (scale!);
  • Joint research and studies of CGIAR and GIZ;
  • Joint program of research and development between CGIAR and GIZ (research in development, monitoring and evaluation, evidence-based development cooperation).

Bernhardt also reviewed some potential country-specific collaboration areas such as sustainable agriculture development, biodiversity, natural resource management and climate change in the program’s value chain countries including Ethiopia, Bangladesh and Nicaragua.

From the meeting, it was noted that there was a clear interest from both sides to engage stronger mutual partnerships. The development of more joint research projects in aquaculture/water management in Egypt and Bangladesh, livestock/eco-efficient agriculture in Nicaragua were some of the potential areas that both organizations would be keen on working on together.

People participating in the meeting included: Wolfgang Kasten (GIZ BEAF), Klaus Michel (GIZ BEAF), Carola von Morstein (GIZ Livestock), Kathrin Steinberg (GIZ Fisheries) and Kai Wiegler (GIZ Fisheries).


Filed under: CRP37, Partnership

Forages project wins 2014 CGIAR-US university linkages proposal through Livestock and Fish program

Sustainable intensification of crop-livestock systems through improved forages’ is this year’s CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish and US university linkages winning proposal. The proposal was submitted by Birthe Paul and Rolf Sommer, scientists from the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and supported by Claudio Stockle of Washington State University. Other CGIAR collaborators are An Notenbaert and Brigitte Maass, CIAT scientists and Ben Lukuyu and Alan Duncan, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) scientists.

The proposals submitted were reviewed by four research leaders drawn from the Livestock and Fish Program partner centres, ILRI, the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), WorldFish and CIAT. The winning proposal ranked highest on the following weighted criteria; contribution to program priorities, potential to leverage new funding, engagement wof multiple centres, promotion of cross-centre and cross-CGIAR Research Program collaboration, value for money, leverage of new expertise and potential for strategic partnerships.

According to the proposal, ‘Tropical forage technologies have been promoted in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) for sustainable intensification of crop-livestock systems. However, there are few studies from sub-Saharan Africa quantifying impacts on natural resource management. The main deliverable is a quantitative review of productivity and environmental impacts of improved forage technologies in sub-Saharan Africa and their uptake which will set the scene for the subsequent analysis.

‘The core of the proposed activities is cooperation with Claudio Stöckle, Professor at Washington State University and creator of CropSyst. The collaboration will calibrate CropSyst for selected forages, support ongoing work on adding inter-cropping to the functionalities of CropSyst and apply it in case studies in the region. Impacts of baseline and improved livestock diets will also be modeled with the CSIRO hosted ruminant model. The main deliverable for this activity is a set of case studies on environmental impacts of forages currently tested on-farm in Tanzania.

CropSyst is a widely-used cropping system model to simulate the growth and yield of crops in response to soil and climatic conditions under a range of environmental effects including soil C dynamics, N2O emissions, N leaching, soil erosion and soil water dynamics. It is well calibrated for many food crops, but less so for fodder crops.

Filed under: CIAT, Crop-Livestock, CRP37, Feeds, Forages, Partnership, Research, Southern Africa, Tanzania